Leader in Medicine

Barbara L. Nye


The American Health Council proudly appointed Barbara L. Nye, MD as “Best in Medicine” for her outstanding contributions to the medical field.

Barbara L. Nye, M.D., has been committed to the practice of Neurology for over a decade and is currently a Neurologist, Headache Specialist, and Headache Fellowship Director at Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist .

Dr. Nye joined the faculty at Atrium Health – Wake Forest Baptist in Jan 2022. She is currently part of the Comprehensive Headache Program in Winston-Salem, NC and an Associate Professor of Neurology at the Wake Forest School of Medicine. Patient care is her priority and she can be found in the Comprehensive Headache Program in the Janeway tower daily. This has also led to her passion for patient advocacy. Migraine, only one of the many headache disorders that she treated is the 2nd leading cause of disability worldwide and remains highly stigmatized and under funded in research. She participated in Miles for Migraine to decrease stigma and raise awareness. She has participated in Headache on the Hill for the last 5 years and is looking forward to being back in person in 2024 talking with her state representatives about issues that impact her patients. 

In her role at the Headache Fellowship Director she is actively educating the next generation of headache specialists recruiting one provider per year for this 1 year education opportunity. In addition to fellow education she participates in resident and medical student education at the hospital and medical school. She is teaching at the PA school, Medical School and within several residency programs. She is an Invited speaker for the American Headache Society REACH program and has been invited to teach at several programs around the nation.  

Dr. Nye previously served as Co-Director of the Headache Clinic at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center in Lebanon, N.H., Dr. Nye provides comprehensive services in migraine management, neurology and headaches where she made a difference in improving her patient’s quality of life. A distinguished member of the medical field, Dr. Nye has spent the last ten years perfecting her skills to ensure that each patient is treated with the utmost care and respect.

She has wanted to be a doctor from a young age. When she was 7 years old, Dr. Nye was exposed to the medical field after her sister was diagnosed with cancer. After accompanying her sister to several doctor appointments, Dr. Nye realized she wanted to be a doctor after witnessing the interactions between her sister and her medical caretakers. The kind communication between her family and doctors — combined with the way Dr. Nye was integrated into her sister’s care — led her to pursue a career in the medical field. After earning a bachelor’s degree in biology from the University of North Florida in 2004, she enrolled at the University of South Florida and earned a Doctor of Medicine degree in 2010. She immediately secured an internship at the Tampa General Hospital, where she remained for one year. By 2013, Dr. Nye completed a neurology residency at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, and later accepted a headache fellowship at the same medical institution. After concluding the fellowship in 2015, she was offered a permanent position at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center as its co-director of the Headache Clinic. As of 2021, she is now the Headache Fellowship Program Director and educated 2 fellows per year.

She has experience with both inpatient and outpatient management of headache disorders.  She has been involved in extensive research — including both self-initiated research and current industry-sponsored studies — on monoclonal antibodies, CGRP small molecules and devices for migraine and cluster headaches. She works with residents and staff on quality improvement projects within the hospital, changing practices with lumbar punctures and improving clinical flow through EMR implementation of smart sets. Her impressive research and intelligence earned her several accolades and scholarships, including the Evelyn Shiver Scholarship in 2009, the University of South Florida Scholarship in 2010, the Scholarship to attend Multiple Sclerosis Conference’s Training Practicum for Tomorrow’s Physician Experts: Evolutions in Multiple Sclerosis Care, International Headache Academy Meeting in Washington, D.C. She was named the Administrative Chief Resident at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center’s Department of Neurology in 2014 and received the Roy Forster Resident Teaching Award at the same medical institution in 2014.

To ensure that she remains updated on evolving breakthroughs within her field — and to share her own research — Dr. Nye is a member of several associations including the North Carolina Neurological Society, the Northern New England Neurological society (Immediate past president 2021-2023), the Southern Headache Society,, the American Headache Society (serving on the Program Directors Committee, CME committee, Practice Management Committee), the American Academy of Neurology and the International Headache Society.

She is a former member of the Headache Cooperative of New England, the American Medical Association, the Christian Medical and Dental Association. 

Although she maintains an active schedule, Dr. Nye makes time to enjoy personal endeavors including hiking with her children and dog, going to the theater and spending time outdoors. She is also an active member of Lutheran Church of the Epiphany in Winston Salem, NC and serves on the altar guild. 

With a successful career at hand, Dr. Nye remains humble as she attributes her success to learning from various mentors while attending the University of South Florida. She credits her tenacity for leading her to associate herself with the right people to land in the right profession. To maintain her successful career, Dr. Nye plans to conduct community outreach, continue to be a patient advocate and educator as well as maintain an active role in research.

Neurologist, Headache Specialist, and Headache Fellowship Director at Atrium Health Wake Forest Baptist 

Dartmouth Hitchcock